Friday, June 3, 2011

Background on Ubuntu

Recently, I installed Ubuntu on my machine. I have a folder called climbingwallpapers in

/usr/share/backgrounds/

with all kinds of background pictures. Anyway, I wanted to have a bunch of desktop background that changes from time to time. I notice that there is an xml file that does this in one of the default installation folder with images.

I'm sure there is an easier way to come up with the xml file for the backgrounds in my folder.
But I didn't bother to google. Just wrote this short script....and ran it. If you would like to use it, I've attached it here. Just make the necessary changes and run it like...

$ python generatedesktoptheme.py > background-1.xml

the script is below...
#!/usr/bin/env python
import os
import re

transition = '5.0'
duration = '300'
count = 0
firstfile = ''
ffrom = ''
path = '/usr/share/backgrounds/climbingwallpaper/'

print "<background>"
print " <starttime>"
print " <year>2009</year>"
print " <month>08</month>"
print " <day>04</day>"
print " <hour>00</hour>"
print " <minute>00</minute>"
print " <second>00</second>"
print " </starttime>"
print "<!-- This animation will start at midnight. -->"

for f in os.listdir(path):
if re.search("\.jpg|\.gif", f):
count+=1
if count == 1:
firstfile = f
else:
continue

f = path+f
if ffrom == '':
ffrom = f
print " <static>"
print " <duration>"+duration+"</duration>"
print " <file>"+f+"</file>"
print " </static>"
else:
print " <transition>"
print " <duration>" +transition+"</duration>"
print " <from>"+ffrom+"</from>"
print " <to>"+f+"</to>"
print " </transition>"
ffrom = f
print " <static>"
print " <duration>"+duration+"</duration>"
print " <file>"+f+"</file>"
print " </static>"

print " <transition>"
print " <duration>"+transition+"</duration>"
print " <from>"+ffrom+"</from>"
print " <to>"+path+firstfile+"</to>"
print " </transition>"
print "</background>"

Sunday, May 1, 2011

Debian Wheezy/Sid/testing

Hi,

I rarely blogged here - since most of the time I wasn't using Debian, but it's derived work - Ubuntu. Now that I'm getting bored facing the workable and hardly to break distro, I dare myself to use Debian Testing for my Dell D430 laptop.

The installation isn't taking so much pain, but the first problem that I met is my keyboard and my mouse weren't worked even during the GDM session. I managed to use its rescue DVD and get  the shell works. Later I installed gpm and walla, it's worked.

I hanged at #debian but the communities suggested udev to be backdated(meaning, since I am using Testing distro, it will break, and don't complain, use Stable instead). However prior to trying udev workaround, gpm IS the answer and it's working. Experience does solve this problem.

Actually I installed OpenSuse 11.4 before.. since I want to open my opinion to other distro as well. But I keep breaking my machine, and does not get my binaries straight away.. meaning it lacking software compared to Debian based.

Debian however, lacking Kamoso, a webcam software that I chose to record. (actually I'm using ffmpeg to, but ffmpeg does not show real time video, I don't want to spend my time write another script just for that).

So still, Ubuntu IS the most relaxing distro for desktop as for me, as for now.
Trolls are welcomed.

Friday, October 1, 2010

Several important Bash shortcut

I've been using Bash a lot, and sometimes when typing long command line, having to press the arrow button multiple times to go to the first character is very tiring.

This are few important shortcut that I start to use:

Ctrl + a - Jump to the start of the line
Ctrl + e - Jump to the end of the line
Alt + d - Delete word
Alt + f - Move forward a word, where a word is composed of letters and digits

Alt + b - Move backward a word

More info from this blogpost : http://linuxhelp.blogspot.com/2005/08/bash-shell-shortcuts.html


Or from Bash Reference Manual regarding Readline Movement : http://www.gnu.org/software/bash/manual/bashref.html#Readline-Movement-Commands

Monday, August 23, 2010

Going deeper to look for what we have lost.

There are not much blog writeup on MyDebian blog, but occasionally, when i find something useful, no matter how mundane or easy it is for the experienced user, I will try to document it somewhere. The objective is that, maybe somehow, somewhere, someone will benefit from it.

Recently, I accidentally formatted one of my windows partition by mistake. I know this is something stupid to do.
And that's what happens when you start to use w1#%#0%s for a long time. You tend to stop thinking.
To cut the story short, I wanted to format one of my partitions, and accidentally formatted the wrong partition. Worst, I reformatted the partition with

$ mke2fs /dev/sdb5

When i realized what I have done, it was already too late. All I can do now is unmount it immediately and try to figure out a way to retrieve the files back from some forensics software. Supposedly, mke2fs allocates a new filesystem on the partition and does a low level format of putting zeros. I'm not sure how true is that. I felt so stupid for doing something without thinking...and I was banging my head on the table. The particular partition had many files....aside from my collection of movies, anime and tv series videos, a whole lot of research work is in that partition.

Anyhow, i wasted no time and tried to look for a way to recover the files. Thankfully, I found a forensics software tool on linux, and conveniently, you can use aptitude to install it. The software I installed is testdisk.
After....

$aptitude install testdisk

I ran the software with testdisk /dev/sdb, and i followed the menu and run an analyses and a deeper search
analyses on the whole disk. I'm not very sure how testdisk work, but its pretty cool. It managed to detect and identify my missing ntfs partition that was deleted. I managed to recover the missing ntfs partition and made copies of my missing files in that partition.

Well, I heard some people using it to find files they deleted by mistake. I hope you'll find a good use for it too.


Thursday, June 25, 2009

Compiling Pidgin from source. Updated

It seems that a better method suggested by Donald P. Kong in the mydebian mailing list works better than compiling pidgin from scratch. Basically, you can use Apt-Pinning. A method to install unstable packages on a stable debian distribution. This is assuming that the package you want to install exist on the unstable version of debian and all dependencies can be resolve. Otherwise,

If the package still does not exist under unstable version of debian, you can use the method below.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Recently, I had trouble using pidgin. The pidgin I have installed is 2.4.3-4lenny2. though I usually just wait a while and aptitude update and upgrade for the latest version when using sid, however, on Lenny it seems to be a little bit slower, and I don't know if its the x86_64 bit architecture that I'm using or it just takes time to have the latest version of pidgin debian package to be included into Lenny repository. Seems yahoo made some changes to the server, yahoo messenger plugin does not work anymore on Pidgin. As of this date, the best way to go around this problem is to get the latest 2.5.7 version. Unfortunately, there is no .deb package for this yet on lenny. I can't wait. Yahoo messenger is already part of the daily life routine. And I dont want to boot on windows or install a VM for windows.

So what I did, was I had to compile it from scratch.
Long story short, just for the sake of documentation for others, I have included what I did here.


$ wget -c http://downloads.sourceforge.net/pidgin/pidgin-2.5.7.tar.bz2
$ tar zjvf pidgin-2.5.7.tar.bz2
$ cd pidgin-2.5.7
$ aptitude install intltool libgtk2.0-dev libxml2-dev libgstreamer0.10-dev libdbus-1-dev gnutls-dev libnss3-dev
$ ./configure --disable-screensaver --disable-startup-notification --disable-gtkspell --disable-meanwhile --disable-avahi --disable-dbus --disable-perl --disable-tcl
$ aptitude purge pidgin
$ make
$ make install
$ ldconfig

I choose to disable some features of pidgin since I didn't think I will need it. I just need it to work until lenny comes up with an stable and updated working package.

After that, you can run pidgin as usual and connect to yahoo without any problems. The above instructions may not work since my PC is setup differently, if it doesn't, write a comment or join our mailing list. Maybe we can help you out.


Here are some references on the yahoo issues on pidgin. [http://theflamingbanker.blogspot.com/2009/06/some-clarification-on-yahoo-issues.html]

Wednesday, June 24, 2009

Java Plugin

Upon getting a new PC with a Intel(R) Pentium(R) Dual CPU to play around with, I have encountered many problems due to the 64-bit architecture being used. Particularly, many applications still does not have the 64-bit version yet.

Among the problems is java plugin for firefox or in the case of debian, its iceweasel. Previously, sun did not have the 64 bit version java plugin for firefox. But I googled around and found out that recently, for the version java6 update 12, they have already include the 64 bit version plugin. Among the reference I found was at http://plugindoc.mozdev.org/linux-amd64.html which gives all supported plugins and what not for mozilla.

1) The easiest way to install sun java on debian is to:
$ aptitude install sun-java6-jdk
This will fortunately, as of this date, lenny installs java6 update 12.

2) After doing this, you will need to choose your default java to use. Just for compatibility with other applications, if you are using netbeans or what not. To choose the default java to use, type:
$ update-alternatives --config java
then select the sun java you just installed.

3) Next is to create a symbolic link for the firefox/iceweasel to the java plugin
$ cd /usr/lib/iceweasel/plugins
$ ln -s /usr/lib/jvm/java-6-sun-1.6.0.12/jre/lib/amd64/libnpjp2.so
That should install the java plugin for firefox, for x86_64 bit version, and those using the amd64 kernel.

4) I later restart firefox, and check to see if the java plugin is installed. At the location bar, i type about:plugins. To see if there is a java plugin support. Looks like things look good.


5) also tried to upload some pictures into facebook. The upload features requires java plugin. Seems to work great.

So there you go...java plugin seems to work. Have fun.

Monday, February 9, 2009

Experience installing Debian on Lenovo S10

You know one of those new lines of UMPC that's being displayed here and there. It seems too small for anybody to use it, and most of the time it looks like a toy rather than a serious piece of machine. Anyway, I got one, and here I am sharing some of my experience using the Lenovo S10.

The Lenovo S10 has no optical drive, you have to be creative in installing Debian on it. The factory default comes with Windows XP pre-installed and it has 3 partitions in its 160G HDD. The partition is used for Windows XP, a second partition where all the drivers are kept just incase you need to do a reinstallation, and the third partition is used for auto-recovery feature where Windows XP installation files reside.

I didn't get rid of windows totally. This is because, I still use Windows XP occasionally. Some of the work I do just runs on Windows and I have no choice but to be dependent on XP. But I can make it dual boot and have the freedom to choose which OS I want to use on the laptop. The first thing you need to do is partitioning the hard disk. For this, I use gparted loaded onto a usb pen drive. I went to gparted website to download the image and also for the instructions of creating a Live USB image. After creating your gparted live usb, you can enter the bios, and boot through the usb pen drive. Then you need to partition the harddisk to your liking and create a partition for Linux. I only took about 20G of harddisk space for Debian. I figured the windows partition is in FAT32, and that i can mount later to use for storage if I need to use it. Make sure you don't delete the Windows XP recovery partition if you want to keep Windows XP recovery feature on your Ideapad.

After partitioning, you can now download and create an usblive pen drive for your debian installation. I use Debian Lenny. Make sure you get the latest weekly or daily built for lenny debian installer for this if you want to detect the ethernet network card. I download the i386 netinstall for the usb image. After downloading the image, you need to create the usb live CD. I followed the easiest way to create a live-usb stick, which is just zcat an image into a usb thumb drive.

pontianak:~$ zcat boot.img.gz >/dev/sdb1

This is the simplest way to create a live-usb thumb-drive, but it limits your thumbdrive partition to 250M. so hence the image you'll be using is netinstall. And you have to install the other packages through network install. You can download a larger image if you followed a different method. Someone made an excellent documentation in creating usb live images, you can go here to his site to see the other methods you can use.

Then after setting the bios to boot from usb, you can boot your debian image and install debian on the partition you've created with gparted.

After a few hours as debian download all the necessary packages for your system (this can take a while if you are using streamyx, unless you have a really fast T1 connection at the office, you might be better off just having a base install and work from there by downloading only the necessary packages.) I anyhow waited several hours to get all the packages, like gnome, office and etc for a complete system. After all the waiting, I have debian complete lenny system installed. Everything seems to work, except for the internal mic and wireless network. Luckily, there are some work around. As for now, below are the things that seems to work.

ProcessorYes Shows up as 2 CPUs due to HyperThreading.
ScreenYes 1024x600 resolution, because the screen is really small, the windows doesn't seem to fit nicely in the screen. It might be better to make the font smaller. Under the gnome preferences-->appearance, I've made mine to size 6.
HDDYes
GraphicsSomewhatLooks ok, however, the touch pad mouse seems to be moving really fast. You can adjust this on gnome, but it seems that the vertical movement of the cursor is faster than the horizontol movement.
SoundYes Alsa seems to work nicely
EthernetYes Should work with lenny daily built
WirelessYes You need to download the latest broadcom driver for this, then you can easily use gnome network manager to get the wireless working. Of course, you can also use iwconfig if you prefer the old fashion way. Thanks to another person who have done it, his instructions was helpful and can be found here. And the driver can be downloaded from broadcom website.
BluetoothNot Tested S10 does not come with Bluetooth built in,at least not the current models being sold. I believe the next coming models would have it by default. You can buy a bluetooth module, and install it manually, of course you need some kind of hand shop skills.
USBYes Seems to work nicely.
Card ReaderYes Seems to work, automounter detects my SD card and mounts it automatically.
I tested this using the SD card from my digital camera.
ExpressCard SlotNot Tested
Camera/WebcamYes Tested this with skype and managed to keep a conversation going for about 30 minutes.
Battery Yes
It seems to detect correctly if the power is plugged in or not, and is capable to tell you how much time you have till the battery runs out. I'm not really sure if the calculated time is correct...but it looks like its working.
Microphone Somewhat
The internal mic does not appear to work on debian lenny. However, if you need to use the mic to make a skype call, using the mic-in jack seems to work nicely. Its only the internal mic that is not working. So you need to get a headphones with microphone to make skype calls. There is some people saying that recompiling the latest Alsa may help, I haven't tried this yet.